Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Science versus religion has always been a very controversial topic in this world and even more so in the United States. It seems that this topic in some way, shape, form, or fashion always finds its way into ones life through government, jobs, and most certainly in politics. When looking at the lives of two men who embody the two controversial ideals of science and religion one can look at the lives and views of His Holiness the Dalai Lama (views on compassion surrounding religion) and Friedrich Nietzsche (views on Morality as Anti-Nature surrounding science). Dalai Lama through his reading seems to establish the concept that compassion is a guide for ethical behavior, while Nietzsche strives to develop the concept that moralÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In this selection the Dalai Lama establishes compassion as a feeling similar to that of empathy. Empathy as defined by the American Heritage Dictionary is, identification with and understanding of anothers situation, feelings, a nd motives. In establishing this type of compassion and empathy for our fellow man, then we establish a type of love and intimacy that is similar to one that a mother has for her only child. This compassion that one establishes allows one to enhance their sense of compassion, and in doing so then one develops an intense sense of responsibility toward another suffering in that they help the victim to overcome that suffering and the agent of that suffering. Even so, when we do this then we establish the concept of consciousness and we enter into an ethically wholesome life. If we can begin to relate to others on the basis of such equanimity, our compassion will not depend on the fact that so and so is my husband, my wife, my relative, my friend. Rather, a feeling of closeness toward all others can be developed based on the simple recognition that, just life myself, all wish to be happy and to avoid suffering. In other words, we will start to relate to other on the basis of their sentient nature. Again, we can think of this in terms of an ideal, one which it is immensely difficult to attain. (Dalai Lama 734) This total feeling of compassion, empathy, and an overall feeling of love create the feeling mentioned above. In
Friday, May 15, 2020
Flannery OConnor is an influential voice in American literature. It is the headlight of American literature, also the master of the short stories. Writer of the southern United States, we call her style the Southern Gothic intimately tied to its region and its grotesque characters. For me OConnors writings also reflect her Catholic faith, in considering her moral values. Deeply influenced by good and evil, the theme of redemption through grace and suffering, the work of Flannery OConnor takes us to the heart of darkness of humanity. In Flannery OConnor we find another key figure: the one of the prophet, the marginal, the one that is different from brave people and as such is the theme of grotesque. The grotesque in FlanneryÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ As the family assesses its injuries, a man who is obviously the Misfit drives up with his armed henchmen. The grandmother immediately feels that she recognizes him as someone she has known all of her life, and she tells him tha t she knows who he isÃ¢â¬ (Garbett). After their car having struck the railroads the family waits for help. A car pulls up and a pair of men emerges, led by a shirtless, a bespectacled man with a gun. The man gives orders to his cohorts to inspect the family car and retains Bailey in polite conversation until the grandmother recognizes it as the Misfit. The grandmother made worse by the fact that if she would keep her mouth shut, none of them have been killed. The grandmotherÃ¢â¬â¢s selfishness is showed by her desire to go to Tennessee instead of Florida. Despite the fact that the rest of the family does not want to and even more, so by her desperate attempts to protect herself while her family was being killed one by one, she could not keep her mouth closed, none of them would have been killed. Ã¢â¬Å"In her efforts to strike a soft place in the heart of the Misfit, the Grandmother leads their conversation into religious channelsÃ¢â¬ . That is, she admonishes him to pray, perhaps hoping to distract him from the frightening recital of his violent life: If you would pray... Jesus would help you (OÃ¢â¬â¢Connor 339). Mentioning the name of Jesus is a mistake, for it ignites aShow MoreRelatedIs It Hard For Find A Good Man?1739 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesHadleigh Garza Ms. Vernon English 1302.05 March 26, 2015 Is it Hard to Find a Good Man? In the short story Ã¢â¬Å"A Good Man is Hard to FindÃ¢â¬ Flannery OÃ¢â¬â¢Conner introduces the story with the characters, the grandmother, her son Bailey, his wife, his two children June Star and John Wesley, and the baby, on the way to Florida for a vacation. Soon after the trip begins, the grandmother states that she wants to go Georgia to see a friend, but with her awful memory, she remembers it is actually in TennesseeRead MoreA Good Man Is Hard To Find1451 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¯ » ¿What makes a good man How many people do you encounter each day whom considers themselves to be a righteous person? Do you agree or disagree with this persons judgement of their own character? Often a person might hide behind his or her religion as a justification for the actions made in every day life. Perhaps some people may decide that commiting enough positive actions can some how cancel out their negative actions, allowing them to consider themselves a righteous person. In Flannery OConnorsRead MoreA Good Man Is Hard To Find1460 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages1102 Society and Class in Ã¢â¬Å"A Good Man is Hard to FindÃ¢â¬ In Flannery OÃ¢â¬â¢ConnorÃ¢â¬â¢s short story, Ã¢â¬Å"A Good Man is Hard to FindÃ¢â¬ the grandmother and the Misfit become the main focus even though the other characters are involved in the story. Throughout the entire story, The Misfit is portrayed as the symbol of evil because he was in jail; he escaped from jail, and he committed murders. The grandmother believes to be greater than the people that she are around because of the Ã¢â¬Å"goodÃ¢â¬ that she portrays. The conventionalRead MoreA good man is hard to find2182 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesThe Use of Religion in Flannery OÃ¢â¬â¢ConnorÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"A Good Man is Hard to FindÃ¢â¬ Flannery O Connor is a Christian writer, and her work shows Christian themes of good and evil, grace, and salvation. OÃ¢â¬â¢Connor has challenged the theme of religion into all of her works largely because of her Roman Catholic upbringing. OÃ¢â¬â¢Connor wrote in such a way that the characters and settings of her stories are unforgettable, revealing deep insights into the human existence. In OÃ¢â¬â¢ConnorÃ¢â¬â¢s Introduction to a Ã¢â¬Å"Memoir of MaryRead MoreA good man is hard to find2745 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pages#1 A Closer Look Into Ã¢â¬Å"A Good Man Is Hard to FindÃ¢â¬ By James ENC-1102 The short story I chose for my critical essay is a story that caught my attention with a gentle and inspiring title and as I began to turn pages it suddenly evolved into a theme that caught me off guard and I quickly became intrigued by elusive style of writing the author used to express this story in a unique form of literature. After reading Flannery OÃ¢â¬â¢ConnorÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"A Good Man is Hard to FindÃ¢â¬ , I will discuss the vividRead More A Good Man Is Hard To Find Essay638 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages Good Man Is Hard To Find A Good Man is Hard to Find Flannery OÃ¢â¬â¢ConnorÃ¢â¬â¢s A Good Man is Hard to Find is filled with foreshadowing which the first time reader will not grasp, but leaps out of the pages for repeated readers. When first read, A Good Man is Hard to Find, the reader does not value the importance of the grandmother charter and her warning. She is thought to just be a rambling, nagging old lady. Even the grandmother does not realize the importance of what she is saying. The grandmotherRead MoreA Good Man Is Hard To Find Analysis743 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesIn the Flannery OÃ¢â¬â¢ConnorÃ¢â¬â¢s short story, Ã¢â¬Å"A Good Man is Hard to FindÃ¢â¬ we find out that the title indicates of what the story is about. The title actually came from the lyrics of a song written by Eddie Green in 1918. The title of Ã¢â¬Å"A Good Man is Hard to FindÃ¢â¬ by Flannery OÃ¢â¬â¢Conner is quite ironic really. The reader expects to eventually find a good man in the story, but is quite surprised at the ending of the story. The title A Good Man is Hard to Find is expressed clearly in this story by introducingRead MoreAnalysis Of A Good Man Is Hard To Find1071 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesFlannery OÃ¢â¬â¢ConnorÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"A Good Man Is Hard to FindÃ¢â¬ , the definition of good can only be determined if we understand two things, the typical definition of good and what to make of the main character known as the Grandmother. The definition of good should first be noted as, Ã¢â¬Å"that which is morally right; righteousness.Ã¢â¬ This will be the analysis of the grandmother and the ultimate decision as to the definition of good throughout this story. In the Secular Meaning in Ã¢â¬ËA Good Man is Hard to Find,Ã¢â¬â¢ the discussionRead MoreEssay On A Good Man Is Hard To Find851 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Review on a story Ã¢â¬Å"A Good Man is Hard to FindÃ¢â¬ In the story Ã¢â¬Å"A Good Man is Hard to FindÃ¢â¬ by Flannery 0Ã¢â¬â¢Connor, a southern family planning a road trip to Florida portrays the hypocrisy of the society through their actions and dialogues. Major question that rose in the story was what is considered good and how there arenÃ¢â¬â¢t enough good men left in the world.Ã¢â¬ A social science major with several courses in English, OÃ¢â¬â¢Connor is remembered by her classmates as obviously gifted but extremely shy. HerRead MoreEssay on A Good Man Is Hard to Find708 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesSince the beginning of mankind there is been an unsolved issue of good verses evil. We see this controversial issue in everyday life, Such as Television, Newspaper, etc. It is not difficult to label the agent of evil in Flannery O Connors signature story, A Good Man is Hard To Find, says John, Desmond. The family is described as a typical modern family, which has all type of problems. Agreeing with each other is one of the biggest p roblems the family faces. The story starts of where Grandma
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
4 Benefits of a Morning Run and How to Keep It Up By Baburaj Devi | Submitted On April 07, 2016 Recommend Article Article Comments Print Article Share this article on Facebook Share this article on Twitter Share this article on Google+ Share this article on Linkedin Share this article on StumbleUpon Share this article on Delicious Share this article on Digg Share this article on Reddit Share this article on Pinterest Expert Author Baburaj Devi Starting the day can be very difficult for most people, including Qataris and expats. Who wouldn t love to just stay in a comfy bed? Unfortunately, for most of us, we have to start the day, and start it early. That s why it s so difficult for lots of people to schedule their runs in the morning. However, a morning run can be a good idea, even if you are not a morning person. If you can manage to squeeze in an early run in your schedule, you ll be sure to get the 4 benefits of a morning run. Wakes up your system. Most people grab a cup of strong coffee to wake them up during the wee hours of the morning. But a run can replace that coffee boost, and the effects are more widespread and can last longer. A morning run can jumpstart your body and keep it alert for the rest of the day because of hormones like adrenaline. Muscles are warmed up and ready to go, while you experience mental sharpness. Running in a scenic area also acts as a natural visual stimulant. If you re lucky enough to get some early morning sunshine, not onlyShow MoreRelatedStudents Are Not Getting The Proper Sleep They Need1272 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesStudents are not getting the proper sleep they need. School start times around the nation begin at around eight in the morning. If students need to balance a large load of after school activities, these early start times may be difficult for some to adjust on. The patterns of teenagerÃ¢â¬â¢s lives keep them up anyway and make them need to sleep later into the morning. Therefore, High schools need to start at least 30 minutes later in the day to help students, schools and society. If schools started thirtyRead MoreHigh School Vs. Public Schools1407 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesdeal with the terrible pain of waking up at five or six in the morning to make it on time for school. Surely enough, this type of situation occurs more than once for students, creating terrible effects for them to have to deal with. This is not just happening to students at a couple schools, but for students in schools throughout the nation (Dean). This is because most high schools prefer the starting time to be earlier in the morning not realizing the consequences it causes. Evidence shows studentsRead MorePersuasive Speech On Breakfast1105 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesBreakfast is an essential part of your morning routine because it kickstarts your metabolism, helps you concentrate and perform better in class, and aids in maintaining a healthy lifestyle. OVERALL PURPOSE: To persuade the audience that breakfast is part of a healthy lifestyle. INTRODUCTION ATTENTION GETTER: Imagine your alarm going off in the morning, and you hit the snooze button, you usually just lay there thinking about what you can get rid of from your morning routine just for those few extraRead MoreMy Favorite Sport864 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesI have many hobbies but my favorite has to be running. There are numerous reasons to run like the health benefits you gain from it but I only run for one sole purpose. When most people think of meditating, an image of someone sitting down with their legs crossed with their eyes closed as they hum away appears to mind however, my meditation is running. When I run my long-distance races preferable my 5k races, I get into this weird state of mind where all my stress and built up emotions for the weekRead MoreWhy We Should Not Sleep1657 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesincomplete time of sleeps to recover. Over sleep in the morning or sleep in is mainly cause by series of sleepless nights, not enough, and not getting the real quality of slee p. Sleep deprivation affects our immune system like stress. The immune system is altered in similar ways by lack of sleep and physical stress, resulting to a possible connection to chronic diseases like obesity and diabetes The reason why we should not sleep in later in the morning because this practice often decreasing and emptyingRead MoreConsiderations For The Pregnant Patient1663 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesshe is not working, she enjoys running and staying active. Prior to being pregnant, she would wake up at five oÃ¢â¬â¢clock in the morning to go on a five mile run before work. Sarah and Erik also have their own work out equipment that they used occasionally. During her pregnancy she has continued to try to stay active. Rather than going on long runs, she tries to walk every morning. Sarah also enjoys going on walks with Erik and their dog, Duke, after work. On the weekends, they have been remodeling theRead MoreBreakfast Essay965 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesteenagers not eat in the mor ning? Most teens do not eat breakfast because they are not hungry in the morning, or there isnt enough time to make something, or there is nothing good to eat. Think of your body as a car, every night when we go to sleep we are burning off fuel and by the time we wake up there isnÃ¢â¬â¢t much fuel left in us, leaving us on empty. In order for your car to start you need to put gas in it, in order for humans to start we need to have breakfast, or else we run on empty until lunchRead MoreEssay on Personal Narrative- The Importance of Family Dining1429 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPersonal Narrative- The Importance of Family Dining Never forget that your family is really the most important assembly you ever entertain. -Irma S. Rombauer, Joy of Cooking I awaken this morning with the aroma of bacon calling me to the kitchen. Upon my arrival I witness the table set for five, complete with imported European coffee, buttered toast, maple syrup, fresh squeezed orange juice, and a stack of pancakes so tall it continues to wobble trying to find a center of gravity. AlongsideRead MoreEssay on The Benefits of Naps1275 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesfull benefits of the nap, there are certain Ã¢â¬Å"rulesÃ¢â¬ that need to be followed. Following these guidelines will ensure maximum effectiveness. One condition is that naps should be taken in the early afternoon. Naps can interfere with the nighttime sleep if taken after 4 p.m. (Jacobs). They should also be short in length. Research suggests taking a fifteen to thirty five minute Ã¢â¬Å"power napÃ¢â¬ . This is the time necessary for the body to rest and enables brain neurons to recuperate (Ã¢â¬Å"Unknown BenefitsÃ¢â¬ ). Read MoreNarrative Essay : Taking A New Place To Run847 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMy dad said, handing me a part of the tent. We had finally picked a new place to camp. Our usual spots were Waveland and Turkey Run which were horrible. Waveland, a rundown campground with a Ã¢â¬Å"beachÃ¢â¬ full of goose poop use to be our favorite spot until the staff decided to quit cleaning and when they closed down their pool, which was complete with a water slide. Turkey Run, more of a tourist attraction than a camping spot, as it was always packed full of people, was getting old. Contrary to our old
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Describe about the Criminal Law for Initiative for Approach. Answer: 1. b) As there were two approached which were talked about in this part of the questions both have their key initiatives which were drawn by them. The key initiatives which were concluded out of the first approach can be summarized as: Disproportionally showing up sturdily in Police dread statistics, and a number of studies which indicate that customs in and of itself could have an authority in this areas; Similar levels of disproportionally were proofed in actions, assurances, punishing and reconviction of statistics, but most of the disproportionally relates to known dangerous factors rather than mores. And from the second approach a range of developmental and early age danger factors were described. The initiatives which were concluded were: Family arrangement, background, and events who were being born to young mothers, a lack of family constancy, a family neighboring in which difference and brutality was universal, and being exposed to ruthless castigations; Individual uniqueness and practices of the rising child and adolescent which includes the factors touching the childs neurological growth and psychological nature; Educational partaking, appointment and accomplishment such as school nonexistence, early leaving age and malfunction to manage requirement; The emergence of developmental disorders childhood conduct confusion, early onset of disruptive conduct and use if alcohol and other matters (Department of Corrections, 2007). 3. Self defense was itself an absolute defense. If it was victorious then it would effect in a total release. It was a wide-ranging defense, meaning that it was not linked to any meticulous offense. Everyone was defensible in using in the resistance of him or another such as power in the situations when a person believes them to be it was practical to use (New Zealand Legislation, 2015). In the matter of R v Murray it was affirmed that in most of the cases using a weapon in answer to individual using hands was awkward. However, if there was proof of difference in size, age than a jury may deduce that the use of a weapon against bare hands was sensible and balanced. The molest could not be prevented with the less violent means and one individual did bare minimum act that was necessary to defend oneself but take into account the emergency circumstance. As in the case of R v Savage it has been stated that when the knife was used, A must have seen himself as under a real menace of danger and not merely think there may be some potential risk to him. Must have severe belief. And not sufficient to consider that, V had a knife if he was seen with one previously (E-Lawresources.co.uk, 2016). Therefore, in the current situation Aretha believed that as she suffered injuries in the past by Pertha so she can be injured by him again so she used the knife as she was in kitchen so she can rely on the self defense and she would not be charged for the act of murder. 4. In order to be reckless an individual must predict their events as giving rise to an intrinsic danger of some destruction and opting to run that danger which was awkward and unfounded. In the case of R v Tihi it was stated that the set of danger arises where proceedings were likely to picture others to injury. Some principles of recklessness were conversely raised by law (Reed and Bohlander, 2016). Whereas Reckless Murder means to cause bodily harm which was known to be likely to cause death and was reckless whether death develops. Recklessness related only to awareness of possibility of death. In another case of R v Aronakutu the lawbreaker with a criminal purpose of burning down the house lit a fire as a result of which GF died. And it was held that under section 167d, A would have some other criminal object in and which would cause a outcome that A may not have preferred (Oxbridge Notes, 2016). As mentioned in the above mentioned case it can be state that although Fred attached a small explosive device which he has timed to go off at a particular time. He knew that Stan leaves at the specific time everyday and therefore as a result of the blast Stan would be able t get a tow back to shore as he thought that he would keep Stan out of the trade permanently. So, Fred would be held liable for the act of Reckless killing as he did not had a intention to kill him but should have know the consequence that due to the blast Stan would be injured severely as it had a high level of risk (Criminal Lawyers in Auckland, 2013). 6. In this situation, all the charges which were levied on Michael and Steve were right as they Michael committed theft and Steve was his assesses in commission of theft. At the same time as Steve was charged with the offence of receiving which has been mentioned under section 246 were correctly applicable on him as he was very well known about the fact that the good which he received was stolen and was attained by an unlawful means. But as Casey was charged with the offence of receiving would not be liable for the same as she was not aware about the good which she received was stolen, she only thought that Michael has gifted it to her, As there was not case on Casey as per section 246 (New Zealand Legislation, 2015) so there was no need to take any defense but Michael and Steve who have committed theft cannot take any defense as there was a clear intention to steel things from someones home. Michael and Steve would be and were accurately be liable under the Crimes Act for the punish ment which has been mentioned under section 223 (New Zealand Legislation, 2015) and for which they were punished but not Casey as she was innocent and was not aware about the thing that the gift which was provided to her was obtained by stealing things from somebody else house. So Michael and Steve would be liable as per the value of the properties which they have stolen and would be imprisoned according to the same. References Criminal Lawyers in Auckland. (2013). Culpable homicide. Retrieved on 19th October 2016 from: https://criminallawyersauckland.wordpress.com/2013/01/23/culpable-homicide/ Department of Corrections. (2007). Over-representation of M?ori in the criminal justice system An exploratory report. Retrieved on 19th October 2016 from: https://www.corrections.govt.nz/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/672574/Over-representation-of-Maori-in-the-criminal-justice-system.pdf E-Lawresources.co.uk. (2016). R v Savage  94 Cr App R 193. Retrieved on 19th October 2016 from: https://www.e-lawresources.co.uk/R-v-Savage.php New Zealand Legislation. (2015). Crimes Act 1961. Retrieved on 19th October 2016 from: https://www.legislation.govt.nz/act/public/1961/0043/latest/DLM327382.html New Zealand Legislation. (2015). Punishment of theft. Retrieved on 19th October 2016 from: https://www.legislation.govt.nz/act/public/1961/0043/latest/DLM330209.html New Zealand Legislation. (2015). Receiving. Retrieved on 19th October 2016 from: https://www.legislation.govt.nz/act/public/1961/0043/latest/DLM330408.html Oxbridge Notes. (2016). Homicide Notes. Retrieved on 19th October 2016 from: https://en-nz.oxbridgenotes.com/revision_notes/law-univerity-of-otago-laws201-criminal-law/samples/homicide Reed, A. and Bohlander, M. (2016). General Defences in Criminal Law: Domestic and Comparative Perspectives. Routledge.
Monday, April 13, 2020
What Is The Nature And Substance Of Organisational Culture? To What Extent Can It Be Changed? Culture, the acquired knowledge that people use to interpret experience and generate social behaviour (Spradley, 1979, p. 5), provides people with a way of seeing the world. It categorizes, encodes, and otherwise defines the world in which they live. Whenever people learn a culture, they are to some extent imprisoned without knowing it. Anthropologists talk of this as being culture bound--i.e., living inside a particular reality. References to culture have long abounded in professional literature. However, it is only fairly recently that the literature shows references to culture as a lens through which to interpret and understand organizations, their customers, and the working relationships therein (Lee Shaughnessy, 1988). The cultural analysis of organizations, therefore, is the use of organizational culture as a lens through which to examine what is going on in an organization. Management theory in the 1980s underwent a sea of change in its realization that an understanding of an organization's culture(s) could be a major step on the road to changing or controlling the direction of that organization. There are both positive and negative sides to how an understanding of culture can be used within an organization. For instance, Edgar Schein (1992) considers the process of creating culture and management to be the essence of leadership, while Gideon Kunda (1992) describes a culture which embodies both the implicit and explicit rules and behaviour of a particular group of people and the conscious efforts of management to engineer the culture to its own goals. There is a fundamental distinction between those who think of culture as a metaphor (Morgan, 1986) and those who see culture as an objective entity. (Gold 1982) Metaphors allow us to understand organisations in terms of other complex entities such as the machine and the organism. By observing the similarities, scholars attempt to explain the essence of human organisations. The dangers of such an approach is distinguishing when the metaphor is no longer valid. That is why most commentators have chosen to think of culture as an objective entity. This view have ranged from viewing the organisation literally as a culture with all features of an organisations including its systems, policies procedures and processes as elements of its cultural life (Paconowsky & O'Donnell-Trujillo 1982) to suggesting that culture is best thought of as a set of psychological predispositions, called ?basic assumptions', that members of an organisation possess that leads them to think and act in a certain way .(Schein 1985). The former view presents problems in using the concept to explain other aspects of organisational activity. Indeed if everything is culture, this view becomes indistinguishable from the view that culture is a metaphor. This leaves us with Schein's view of culture as an essentially cognitive phenomena that resides in the psychology of organisational participants, with the acknowledgement that patterns of behaviour are equally important (Eldridge & Crombie 1974) The contents of an organisational culture has several levels. At the basic and superficial level, it takes the form of artefacts like stories, jokes metaphors and symbols. Examples of artefacts would be Material objects like mission statements, corporate logos , Physical layout of the office space etc. At a deeper level, culture takes the form of values beliefs and attitudes. Values determine what people ought to do while beliefs are what people think is or is not true. In practice, beliefs and values are often hard to distinguish, because beliefs frequently involve values. Moreover, there is considerable merit to viewing values as a particular sort of belief. (Rokeach 1973: 5) Attitudes connect beliefs and values with feelings. An attitude is a learned predisposition to respond consistently to a particular thing or idea. Attitudes are developed over time and unlike opinions, are held relatively consistently. At the deepest level, culture in an organisation takes the form of basic assumptions, a solution to an identifiable problem that is taken for granted. These are implicit, deep-rooted assumptions that people share, and which guides their perception, feelings and emotions about things. (Schein, 1981) Basic assumptions are held unconsciously and are very difficult to surface. Basic assumptions are by definition neither confront able nor debatable. Basic assumptions are also
Wednesday, March 11, 2020
An Overview of Pontiacs Rebellion Beginning in 1754, the French Indian War saw British and French forces clash as both sides worked to expand their empires in North America. While the French initially won several early encounters such as the Battles of the Monongahela (1755) and Carillon (1758), the British ultimately gained the upper hand after triumphs at Louisbourg (1758), Quebec (1759), and Montreal (1760). Though fighting in Europe continued until 1763, forces under General Jeffery Amherst immediately began working to consolidate British control over New France (Canada) and the lands to the west known as the pays den haut. Comprising parts of present-day Michigan, Ontario, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, the tribes of this region had largely been allied with the French during the war. Though the British made peace with the tribes of around the Great Lakes as well as those in the Ohio and Illinois Countries, the relationship remained strained. These tensions were worsened by policies implemented by Amherst which worked to treat the Native Americans as a conquered people rather than equals and neighbors. Not believing that the Native Americans could mount meaningful resistance against British forces, Amherst reduced the frontier garrisons as well as began to eliminate ritual gifts which he viewed as blackmail. He also began to restrict and block the sale of gunpowder and weapons. This latter act caused particular hardship as it limited the Native Americans ability to hunt for food and furs. Though the head of the Indian Department, Sir William Johnson, repeatedly advised against these policies, Amherst persisted in their implementation. While these directives impacted all of the Native Americans in the region, those in the Ohio Country were further angered by colonial encroachment into their lands. Moving Towards Conflict As Amhersts policies began to take effect, Native Americans living in the pays den haut began to suffer from disease and starvation. This led to the beginning of a religious revival led by Neolin (The Delaware Prophet). Preaching that the Master of Life (Great Spirit) was angered at the Native Americans for embracing European ways, he urged the tribes to cast out the British. In 1761, British forces learned that the Mingos in the Ohio Country were contemplating war. Racing to Fort Detroit, Johnson convened a large council which was able to maintain an uneasy peace. Though this lasted into 1763, the situation on the frontier continued to deteriorate. Pontiac Acts On April 27, 1763, the Ottawa leader Pontiac called members of several tribes together near Detroit. Addressing them, he was able to convince many of them to join in an attempt to capture Fort Detroit from the British. Scouting the fort on May 1, he returned a week later with 300 men carrying concealed weapons. Though Pontiac had hoped to take the fort by surprise, the British had been alerted to a possible attack and were on alert. Forced to withdraw, he elected to lay siege to the fort on May 9. Killing settlers and soldiers in the area, Pontiacs men defeated a British supply column at Point Pelee on May 28. Maintaining the siege into the summer, the Native Americans were unable to prevent Detroit from being reinforced in July. Attacking Pontiacs camp, the British were turned back at Bloody Run on July 31. As a stalemate ensured, Pontiac elected to abandon the siege in October after concluding that French aid would not be forthcoming (Map). The Frontier Erupts Learning of Pontiacs actions at Fort Detroit, tribes throughout the region began moving against the frontier forts. While the Wyandots captured and burned Fort Sandusky on May 16, Fort St. Joseph fell to the Potawatomis nine days later. On May 27, Fort Miami was taken after its commander was killed. In the Illinois Country, the garrison of Fort Ouiatenon was compelled to surrender to a combined force of Weas, Kickapoos, and Mascoutens. In early June, the Sauks and Ojibwas used a stickball game to distract British forces while they moved against Fort Michilimackinac. By the end of June 1763, Forts Venango, Le Boeuf, and Presque Isle were also lost. In the wake of these victories, Native American forces began moving against Captain Simeon Ecuyers garrison at Fort Pitt. Siege of Fort Pitt As fighting escalated, many settlers fled to Fort Pitt for safety as Delaware and Shawnee warriors raided deep into Pennsylvania and unsuccessfully struck Forts Bedford and Ligonier. Coming under siege, Fort Pitt was soon cut off. Increasingly concerned about the situation, Amherst directed that Native American prisoners be killed and inquired about the potential of spreading smallpox among the enemy population. This latter idea had already been implemented by Ecuyer who had given the besieging forces infected blankets on June 24. Though smallpox did break out among the Ohio Native Americans, the disease was already present prior Ecuyers actions. In early August, many of the Native Americans near Fort Pitt departed in an effort to destroy a relief column which was approaching. In the resulting Battle of Bushy Run, Colonel Henry Bouquets men turned back the attackers. This done, he relieved the fort on August 20. Troubles Continue The success at Fort Pitt was soon offset by a bloody defeat near Fort Niagara. On September 14, two British companies had over 100 killed at the Battle of Devils Hole when they attempted to escort a supply train to the fort. As settlers along the frontier became increasingly worried about raids, vigilante groups, such as the Paxton Boys, began to emerge. Based in Paxton, PA, this group began attacking local, friendly Native Americans and went so far as to kill fourteen that were in protective custody. Though Governor John Penn issued bounties for the culprits, they were never identified. Support for the group continued to grow in and 1764 they marched on Philadelphia. Arriving, they were prevented from doing additional damage by British troops and militia. The situation was later diffused through negotiations overseen by Benjamin Franklin. Ending the Uprising Angered by Amhersts actions, London recalled him in August 1763 and replaced him with Major General Thomas Gage. Assessing the situation, Gage moved forward with plans that had been developed by Amherst and his staff. These called for two expeditions to push into the frontier led by Bouquet and Colonel John Bradstreet. Unlike his predecessor, Gage first asked Johnson to conduct a peace council at Fort Niagara in an effort to remove some of the tribes from the conflict. Meeting in the summer of 1764, the council saw Johnson return the Senecas to the British fold. As restitution for their part in the Devils Hole engagement, they ceded the Niagara portage to the British and agreed to send a war party west. With the conclusion of the council, Bradstreet and his command began moving west across Lake Erie. Stopping at Presque Isle, he exceeded his orders by concluding a peace treaty with several of the Ohio tribes which stated that Bouquets expedition would not go forward. As Bradstreet continued west, an incensed Gage promptly repudiated the treaty. Reaching Fort Detroit, Bradstreet agreed to a treaty with local Native American leaders through which he believed them to accept British sovereignty. Departing Fort Pitt in October, Bouquet advanced to the Muskingum River. Here he entered into negotiations with several of the Ohio tribes. Isolated due to Bradstreets earlier efforts, they made peace in mid-October. Aftermath The campaigns of 1764 effectively ended the conflict,Ã though some calls for resistance still came from the Illinois Country and Native American leader Charlot KaskÃ ©. These issues were dealt with in 1765 when Johnsons deputy, George Croghan, was able to meet with Pontiac. After extensive discussions, Pontiac agreed to come east and he concluded a formal peace treaty with Johnson at Fort Niagara in July 1766. An intense and bitter conflict, Pontiacs Rebellion ended with the British abandoning Amhersts policies and returning to those used earlier. Having recognized the inevitable conflict that would emerge between colonial expansion and the Native Americans, London issued the Royal Proclamation of 1763 which prohibited settlers from moving over the Appalachian Mountains and created a large Indian Reserve. This action was poorly received by those in the colonies and was the first of many laws issued by Parliament that would lead to the American Revolution.
Monday, February 24, 2020
Business Skills For Success - Essay Example Effective time management and planning can be key components in achieving success at work as well as having a proper work-life balance. Good listening skills are very crucial in communicating with others and can play a key role in achieving success in life. There are some factors that lead to poor listening and these barriers can be overcome to ensure that one listens effectively. Today, stress is one of the key problems faced by people in the workplace, but it can be tackled or eliminated if a person organizes himself and keeps a balanced work life. Problems are a cause of concern for some and an opportunity for others. But what matters is how these problems are resolved. Cultural Diversity has its positives and negatives but the positives outweigh the negatives, hence it is important to value cultural diversity in the workplace as it can prove to be a catalyst for improved organization performance. Gender sensitivity means to recognize the different roles played by the men and wome n of an organization and recognizing each groupÃ¢â¬â¢s contributions and addressing issues differently in order to strive for equality in the workplace. In short, managers are given a position of authority based on their role while a leader gains it through his approach. Entrepreneurship has a deeper meaning than just starting up a business. Entrepreneurship is something from which the society and the overall economy benefits. In short business etiquetteÃ¢â¬â¢s play a vital role in defining a personÃ¢â¬â¢s overall personality and good manners in the work place can take a person a long way in achieving a successful career. a. What is business ethics? Business ethics are a set of rules or professional ethics which are used to examine ethical and moral behaviours that arise in a business environment. Good business ethics are considered important and should be adopted by all organizations. Some business which are only interested in making money try to bend the rules and do not fol low proper code of business ethics and do their business in a way in which it earns them bad reputation. Making money is not considered wrong but the way in which company makes money is important and it is important for businesses to maintain proper ethics so that they have a favourable corporate image in the eyes of the industry and the customer base. Business ethics involves all types of dealings and transactions which take place in the business world; this also includes one-to-one dealing with your customers. Following business ethics means that not only the company makes profits but it also keeps in mind the well-being of the population at large as well as maintaining high quality standards which gained the company the so many customers. For example some businesses ignore the customer service side of things and are only interested in making money. These firms can be successful in the short-run but there is a minimal chance that they will succeed in the long run. Hence it is impo rtant to provide help and assistance to your customers. Sources: CityLocal. (n.d.). The Importance Of Business Ethics. Retrieved August 4, 2011, from Article Click: http://www.articleclick.com/Article/The-Importance-Of-Business-Ethics/999950 Johnson, K. W., & Abramov, I. Y. (2004). Business Ethics: A MANUAL FOR MANAGINF A RESPONSIBLE BUSINESS ENTERPRISE IN EMERGING MARKET ECONOMIES. United States of America: U.S. Department of Commerce, International Trade Administration. wiseGEEK. (n.d.). What is Business Ethics? Retrieved August 4, 2011, from wiseGEEK: http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-business-ethics.htm b. Time Management at Work Time management is one of the most important skills which an employee should possess in order to maintain